Diabetes has been a critical health problem for many people for years. It not only degenerates your health but also causes many harmful body changes. And Diabetic foot is one of the issues. Today with this blog, we together prevent it coming, shall we?
What is Diabetic Foot?
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. Foot pain can happen over time when high blood sugar damages the nerves and blood vessels in the feet. The nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or a loss of feeling in your feet.
The exact cause of each type of neuropathy is unknown. Researchers think that high blood sugar over time, weakens the walls of the small blood vessels that supply the nerves with oxygen and nutrients.
Also, there are some risk factors, such as:
- Poor blood sugar control
- Diabetes history
- Kidney disease
- Being overweight
There are four main types of diabetic neuropathy. But the type that happens in the foot mainly is Mononeuropathy & Peripheral neuropathy.
Peripheral neuropathy may also be called distal symmetric peripheral neuropathy. It's the most common type of diabetic neuropathy. It affects the feet and legs first, followed by the hands and arms. Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are often worse at night, and may include:
- Numbness or reduced ability to feel pain
- Tingling or burning feeling
- Sharp pains or cramps
- Muscle weakness
- Extreme sensitivity to touch
- Serious foot problems, such as ulcers, infections, and bone and joint damage
Mononeuropathy refers to damage to a specific nerve. The nerve may be in the face, torso, arm or leg. Mononeuropathy caused on foot may lead to:
- Pain in the shin or foot
- Weakness causing difficulty lifting the front part of the foot (foot drop)
Treatments & Prevention
Considering calling your health care provider or going to podiatrist if you have:
- A cut or sore on your foot that is infected or won't heal
- Severe burning, tingling, weakness or pain
- Dizziness and fainting
You can prevent these severe pain by managing blood sugar rate, and providing self-foot care:
- Checking your feet every day: Ensuring your foot is in good condition.
- Washing your feet every day. Use warm water & soap, and be cautious not to soak your feet.
- Always wear well-fitting orthopedic shoes and bunion socks correction to protect your feet: Use podiatrist's recommend orthopedic shoes, and use foot support accessories for extra guarantee.
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- Protecting your feet from heat and cold: Don't walk on barefoot, wear comfortable socks instead of using a heater or fireplace.
- Keeping the blood flowing in your feet: Don't wear tight socks, level your feet up whenever you can.
Diabetic foot is a serious problem that needs attention from the beginning due to its severe complications, we suggest you choose orthopedic shoes which provide foot arch support, plantar fasciitis support, bunion correction, pain relief, improve walking posture to prevent it from being worsen. Feel free to stop by these orthopedic shoes below & choose the best for you!