Feet deformity is an issue that very is disturbing on a daily basis, it can cause many activities difficulty, such as walking, running in pain... And there are many types of foot deformities, today let's take a deeper understanding of "Claw toes", one of the severe types that can turn into permanent foot problems. Let's dive in, shall we?
The "Claw toes" is often the result of nerve damage caused by diseases like diabetes or alcoholism, which can weaken the muscles in your foot. Having a claw toe means your toes "claw", this occurs when your first toe joint points up and the second joint points down. Toes are digging down into the soles of your shoes and creating painful calluses. Claw toe worsen without treatment and may become a permanent deformity over time.
You may encounter shapes of claw toes such as:
- Your toes are bent upward (extension) from the joints at the ball of the foot
- Your toes are bent downward (flexion) at the middle joints toward the sole of your shoe
- Sometimes your toes also bend downward at the top joints, curling under the foot
- Corns may develop over the top of the toe or under the ball of the foot
Most of the time, an imbalance of foot muscles typically causes claw toes. Specifically, your toe muscles contract too far, tightens the tendons and bend the joints. Foot muscles become unbalanced due to the following factors:
- Ill-fitting shoes. To fix this, try some of our orthopedic shoes recommendations
- Nerve damage caused by diabetes
- Nerve damage caused by alcoholism
- The stroke-side foot is affected
Treatment & Prevention
Claw toes deformities are usually flexible at first, but they harden into place over time. If you have claw toes in the early stages, we recommend that you should use a splint or simple tape to hold your toes in the correct position. Furthermore, here are additional advices:
- Wear orthopedic shoes with soft, roomy toe boxes. Avoid tight shoes and high-heels
- Use your hands to stretch your toes and toe joints toward their normal positions
- Exercise your toes by using them to pick up marbles or crumple a towel laid flat on the floor
If you have claw toes in later stages and your toes are fixed in position:
- A special pad can redistribute your weight and relieve pressure on the ball of your foot
- Arch support, toe separators, or other shoe inserts to cushion the toe
>> See more at Foot Support Accessories Collection
If these treatments do not help, you may need surgery to correct the problem before it worsens.